Main Content for Page

A History of Hispanic Achievement in America

From the American Revolutionary War to the Persian Gulf War, Hispanic Americans have proudly served this country in the Armed Forces. And throughout U.S. history, Hispanics have contributed in building the West; in medicine and science; in entertainment, journalism, business, education, civil rights, politics, in sports and more.
  • Title ID 22-HHA
  • History, American History, Social Studies, Minority Achievement
  • 8 Programs
  • 9 Supplemental Files
  • 10th Grade through Post Secondary
  • Released in 2006 by Ambrose Video Publishing Inc./Centre Communications
Included Programs
Supplemental Files

Included Programs

Spain Comes to the New World (1492 - 1538)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this first program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1492 - Christopher Columbus Arrives in the New World
Christopher Columbus uses his fleet - the Santa Maria, Nina and the Pinta - to discover America and establish Spanish colonies.
1513 - Ponce de Leon Discovers Florida
Ponce de Leon discovers Florida as one of Spain's leading Conquistadors while looking for the Fountain of Youth.
1514 - Bartolome' de las Casas Establishes Anti-Racism Policy in Spanish Colonies
Bartolome' de las Casas, a priest in the American Spanish Colonies, fought against the Enconmienda System and the policy of Repartimiento and for the rights of Indians and mestizos, after Hernan Cortes conquered Mexico.
1519 - Hernan Cortes Brings Horses From Spain to the Americas
Hernan Cortes, Spain's leading Conquistador, defeated the Aztec Empire, ousting its leader Montezuma.

Spanish American Exploration and Colonization (1539 - 1719)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this second program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1539 - Hernando De Soto Explores Southern U.S.
Hernando De Soto traveled to the Spanish Colonies, where he joined the ranks of the Conquistadors like Francisco Pizzaro and became a legend by exploring the southern region of North America.
1540 - Francisco Vasques de Coronado Maps America's Southwest
Francisco Vasques de Coronado, one of Spain's greatest Conquistadors in her North American Spanish Colonies, explored the desert southwest, looking for the seven cities of Cibola.
1565 - Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles Founds Florida's St. Augustine
St. Augustine, founded by Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles as the only American Spanish Colony in Florida, utterly destroyed France's St. Caroline colony to establish Spanish supremacy in Florida.
1608 - Juan De Onate Expedition Establishes Santa Fe, New Mexico
Santa Fe, established by Juan De Onate and Juan Martinez de Montoya after the conquistadors' Francisco Coronado, explored the southwest, was the capital of New Mexico, one of the Spanish colonies, and later the central place of an Indian uprising, led by Pope', and later put down by Diego de Vargas.
1711 - Gallegos Family, Pioneers of the Desert Southwest
Haciendas, such as that established by the Gallegos Family in New Mexico, became the way of life in the Spanish Colonies.

Spanish Americans Move Toward Independence (1720 - 1818)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in third first program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1720 - Father Antonio Margil de Jesus Helps Found San Antonio, Texas
The San Antonio Mission, also known as the San Jose Mission, was founded by Antonio Margil de Jesus, Alamo, who made missions the way of founding Spanish Colonies in North America.
1740 - Governor Manuel de Montiano Defends St. Augustine Against English Attack
St. Augustine's Castillo de San Marco, the most important fort in Florida's Florida, Spanish Colonies, was successfully defended by Manuel de Montiano during the War of Jenkins' Ear against English colonists led by James Oglethorpe, by using freed black slaves housed at Fort Moses.
1769 - Junipero Serra Founds a Mission in San Diego
Father Juniper Serra, founded San Diego and helped foster along the El Camino Real, Spanish colonies and the California mission system.
1779 - Bernardo de Galvez Leads Spanish Forces Against Britain in America's Fight for Freedom
Bernardo de Galvez, a Spanish general, helped American colonists against the British in the Revolutionary War.
1810 - Spain's North American Colonists Begin Forging an American Hispanic Identity
Mexican independence would be the beginning of freedom for all Spanish colonies.

A New Hispanic Identity Emerges (1819 - 1847)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this fourth program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1819 - Luis de Onis Prevents a War Between Spain and the United States
Luis de Onis, a Spanish diplomat, cedes Florida, last of the Spanish colonies in the United States, to the United States with the Treaty of Amity -the Adams-Onis Treaty.
1821 - Don Facundo Melgares Inaugurates Trade on the Santa Fe Trail
The Santa Fe Trail was supported by Don Facundo Melgares, governor of New Mexico in Santa Fe, when American frontiersman William Becknell pioneered the trail in 1821.
1836 - Jose Antonio Navarro and Lorenzo de Zavala, Founding Fathers of the Texas Republic
Jose Antonio Navarro and Lorenzo de Zavala, two leading Hispanics in Texas, supported Texas independence, which would lead to the Texas Republic first governed by Sam Houston.
1836 - Juan Seguin Stands with Americans at the Battle of the Alamo
Juan Seguin, a Hispanic defending the Alamo in Texas, fought side by side with Crockett, Bowie and Travis, as one of many Tejanos supporting Texas independence.
1836 - Juana Briones Establishes San Francisco
Juana Briones founded San Francisco, California.

Hispanics Become United States Citizens (1848 - 1897)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this fifth program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1848 - The Treaty Guadalupe Hidalgo Cedes Mexican Southwest to the United States
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican American War, ceded the Mexican Southwest to the United States.
1853 - Joaquin Murieta Becomes the Inspiration for the Cisco Kid and Zorro
Joaquin Murieta, a Robin Hood type bandit from California, who led the gang known as the Five Joaquin's, was the inspiration for the Cisco Kid and Zorro.
1855 - Francisco Ramirez Founds the First Spanish Language Newspaper in Los Angeles
Francisco Ramirez started the first Spanish Language Newspaper, El Clamor Publico, in Los Angeles.
1862 - Indian Fighter Rafael Chacon and Kit Carson Defeat the Navajo
Rafael Chacon was a caballero from New Mexico who with Mountain Man Kit Carson defeated the Navajo
1863 - Hispanics Distinguish Themselves in the American Civil War
Federico Fernandez Cavada and Colonel Santos Benavides were just two of many Hispanics to serve admirably in the civil war.
1866 - David Farragut Becomes the First Admiral in the U.S. Navy
David Farragut, the first admiral of the American Navy, fought in the Civil War, and is known for his legendary words "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!"
1866 - Mexican Vaqueros Begin the American Cowboy Tradition
Vaqueros created the craft of the cowboy with their incredibly strong and agile horses, the Spanish mustangs.

Hispanics Become an American Minority (1898 - 1958)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this sixth program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1898 - Spanish American War
The Sinking of the Maine launches American imperialism to take over Cuba, the Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico and destroys the Spanish fleet and makes the reputation of, Teddy Roosevelt.
1905 - Noted Philosopher George Santayana Publishes The Life of Reason
George Santayana wrote The Life of Reason.
1929 - United States Begins Its Mexican American Repatriation Campaign
Mexican American Repatriation sent millions of Mexicans as well as Mexican American citizens back to Mexico.
1936 - Dennis Chavez is First Hispanic Elected to the U.S. Senate
Dennis Chavez was the first Hispanic senator, and in the 21st century the Congressional Hispanic Caucus had grown into a powerful force in American Politics.
1944 - Luis Walter Alvarez Helps Develop Atomic Bomb
Luis Walter Alvarez worked on the Atomic Bomb at Los Alamos and was a great American inventor, who late in life with his son Walter Alvarez proposed an asteroid impact as the reason for the dinosaurs' extinction.
1949 - Pancho Gonzales Becomes First Hispanic American Superstar
Through tennis, stars Pancho' Gonzales and Rosie' Casals would open the door for Hispanic athletes.

Emergence of a Unique Hispanic Culture (1959 - 1968)Running time is 29 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this seventh program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1959 - Ritchie Valens Initiates Hispanic/Latin Renaissance in American Culture
Ritchie Valens initiated a Latin Renaissance with his Rock and Roll music.
1961 - Emilio Azcarraga Brings Hispanic Television to the United States
Emilio Azcarraga founded Hispanic Television and Spanish International Network in the United States.
1963 - Poet William Carlos Williams Wins the Pulitzer Prize
William Carlos Williams was a leading Hispanic poet who won a Pulitzer Prize for his work.
1963 - Joan Baez Sings at Civil Rights March on Washington D.C.
Singer Joan Baez is a leader of Civil Rights and women's rights.
1965 - Cesar Chavez Founds the United Farm Workers of America
Cesar Chavez founded the United Farm Workers of America, a Farm Workers Association representing Hispanic workers, as Mexican Americans began to work for Chicano rights equal to the sacrifices they made for the United States.

Era of the Hispanic American Hero Begins (1969 - 2007)Running time is 28 minutes

Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this eighth program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History.

Chapter List
1969 - Judy Baca Brings the Hispanic Muralist Movement to the United States
Artist Judy Baca initiates the Hispanic Muralist Movement in Los Angeles.
1973 - Roberto Clemente is the First Hispanic Elected into Baseball's Hall of Fame
Roberto Clemente opens up major league baseball to Hispanic players.
1978 - Hispanic Golfer Nancy Lopez Wins Her First LPGA Championship
Nancy Lopez a Hispanic golfer, becomes the leading women's golfer in the LPGA.
1980 - Walter Alvarez Proposes Dinosaur Extinction Caused by Asteroid Impact
Walter Alvarez proposed the leading cause on dinosaur extinction with his Asteroid impact theory.
1986 - Franklin Chang-Diaz Becomes the First Hispanic American in Space
Franklin Chang-Diaz and Ellen Ochoa were America's first Hispanic astronauts.
1990 - Dr. Antonia Novello, First Hispanic Surgeon General
Dr. Antonia Novello was the first Hispanic appointed Surgeon General of the United States.
2001 - Linda Alvarado Wins Horatio Alger Award
Linda Alvarado, an American Entrepreneur, was a leading Hispanic business woman who won the Horatio Alger Award.

Supplemental Files

Hispanic Achievement Blackline Master Quizzes
Hispanic Achievement Teachers Guide
Historical Document-1819 Treaty Between Spain and the United States
Historical Document-Columbus's Crew
Historical Document-Immigration Reform and Control Act
Historical Document-Texas Declaration of Independence
Historical Document-Treaty Ending Spanish American War
Historical Document-Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
MARC Records for HHA
MARC records for the series A History of Hispanic Achievement in America


“This eight-part series... provides a sweeping look at the role and contributions of Hispanics in American history. Patricia Lopez hosts the programs, beginning with Spain Comes to the New World, in which she reminds viewers that 90 Hispanic sailors helped ensure Columbus' success and introduces the role of Bartolomé de las Casas, a Catholic priest who established an antiracism policy in the Spanish colonies, among other historical information... The dramatic narration is supported by crisp, colorful reenactment footage, art prints, vintage visuals, and movie clips.“