|The Silent EraRunning Time: 0:28:00|
The art of making motion pictures matured in the Silent Era from 1895 - 1927. Program one examines the Silent Era's most outstanding directors - D.W. Griffith, Mack Sennet, Lois Weber, Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin - who created Hollywood and laid the foundation for the great American cinematic tradition.
- 1.) Chapter 1: The Invention of Film and Hollywood
- 00:05:15The technical side of American cinema began with George Eastman and Thomas Edison, and the art of filmmaking can trace its origins to theater and literature, while the creation of Hollywood started with D.W. Griffith who went to California to break the Edison Monopoly on filmmaking back east.
- 2.) Chapter 2: 1910 - D.W. Griffith Establishes Hollywood
- 00:04:28D.W. Griffith, who first learned his craft of filmmaking from Edwin S. Porter, the director of the one reelers The Life of the American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery, then later worked for the Biograph Company, went to Hollywood, where with stars such as Mary Pickford, Blanche Sweet, Mae Marsh, Lillian and Dorothy Gish, and Lionel Barrymore, made such films as The Birth of a Nation and Abraham Lincoln.
- 3.) Chapter 3: 1912 - Mack Sennett Founds Keystone Studios
- 00:02:16Mack Sennet, who started at the Biograph Company, started Hollywood's Keystone Studios and created the famous Keystone Kops.
- 4.) Chapter 4: 1913 - Lois Weber, Pioneering Female Director
- 00:03:36Lois Weber started working for the Gaumont Film Company and directed the silent film masterpieces Hypocrites and The Blot.
- 5.) Chapter 5: 1924 - Buster Keaton, an American Original
- 00:03:05Buster Keaton, known as the Great Stone Face starred and directed in many films including, Sherlock Jr. and The General.
- 6.) Chapter 6: 1925 - Charlie Chaplin, the First Auteur
- 00:05:31Charlie Chaplin, who got his start with Mack Sennet at Keystone Studios, created the lovable character The Tramp and starred in and directed The Gold Rush, as well as co-founding United Artists with D. W. Griffith, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks.
|The Coming of SoundRunning Time: 0:28:00|
When Warner Brothers Studios released The Jazz Singer, the first 'talkie', in 1927, it spelled the end of the Silent Era. Program two shows how sound revamped Hollywood, creating the 'studio system' and introducing spectacular cinematic techniques by acclaimed directors Howard Hawks, Oscar Micheaux, George Cukor, Dorothy Arzner and Orson Welles
- 1.) Chapter 1: The Growth of the Studio System
- 00:04:57Hollywood, with the coming of sound heralded by the talkie, The Jazz Singer, created the studio system, a vertically integrated oligopoly, and entered a Golden Age creating many masterpieces such as Gone With The Wind, The Wizard of Oz, as well as founding many film genres, including gangster films, musicals, newspaper-reporting films, dramas, historical biopics, social-realism films, romantic comedies, screwball comedies, westerns, horror films, and launching the position of the director as t
- 2.) Chapter 2: 1932 - Howard Hawks Directs Scarface
- 00:04:04Howard Hawks directed Scarface and the screwball comedy Bringing up Baby, which introduced the concept of overlapping dialogue.
- 3.) Chapter 3: 1939 - Oscar Micheaux, First Black Feature Film Director
- 00:03:57Oscar Micheaux, who was the first Black director, created films for the Race film circuit, directed Body and Soul, starring Paul Robeson, Within Our Gates and Lying Lips, starring Robert Earl Jones.
- 4.) Chapter 4: 1940 - George Cukor Directs The Philadelphia Story
- 00:03:28George Cukor directed Philadelphia Story and My Fair Lady,
- 5.) Chapter 5: 1940 - Dorothy Arzner, Hollywood's Greatest Female Director
- 00:02:59Dorothy Arzner directed Manhattan Cocktail, Christopher Strong, Craig's Wife, The Bride Wore Red and, Dance, Girl, Dance, and was noted for introducing strong actresses to the screen, including Katherine Hepburn, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell and Lucille Ball.
- 6.) Chapter 6: 1941 - Orson Welles, Citizen Kane
- 00:04:28Orson Welles directed the Citizen Kane, which unraveled the life of Charles Foster Kane trying to understand his final word "Rosebud.'
|The Golden Age of HollywoodRunning Time: 0:27:00|
It is called the Golden Age of Hollywood because great directors, great actors, and great technical talent combined to make great movies. Program three discusses the Golden Age of American Cinema and how internationally acclaimed directors such as John Huston, John Ford, Vincente Minnelli and Frank Capra gave the world unparalleled films for over twenty years.
- 1.) Chapter 1: America Dominates World Cinema
- 00:03:52The Golden Age of Hollywood firmly entrenched the studio system and gave the world superstars and world famous directors who would become known as auteurs.
- 2.) Chapter 2: 1941 - John Huston Brings Film Noir to Hollywood
- 00:03:54John Huston introduced Film Noir to Hollywood with The Maltese Falcon, and also directed many other films, including Key Largo, The Asphalt Jungle, The African Queen, The Misfits, The Dead and The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.
- 3.) Chapter 3: 1944 - Vincente Minnelli Directs Meet Me in St. Louis
- 00:03:29Working for MGM Vincente Minnelli directed the masterpiece Meet Me in St. Louis and won an Oscar for Gigi.
- 4.) Chapter 4: 1946 - Frank Capra, It's a Wonderful Life
- 00:05:37Getting his start at Columbia Pictures, working for Harry Cohn, Frank Capra directed It's A Wonderful Life and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, starring Jimmy Stewart, the screwball comedy It Happened One Night, and the war film Why We Fight.
- 5.) Chapter 5: 1956 - John Ford, Master of the Western
- 00:06:38Known for directing westerns such as The Searchers, starring John Wayne, John Ford also directed the Oscar winning films The Informer, The Grapes of Wrath, How Green Was My Valley and The Quiet Man.
|The New HollywoodRunning Time: 0:29:00|
In the 1950s with the arrival of television, the Studio System began a decade long decline that brought Hollywood to its knees. In program four, we'll see how a few great directors, including Mike Nichols, Sam Peckinpah, Terence Malick, Mel Brooks, Martin Scorsese, and Sydney Lumet, revitalized Hollywood and American Cinema, producing some of the greatest movies of all time.
- 1.) Chapter 1: Hollywood's Second Golden Age
- 00:02:59Hollywood's Second Golden Age lasted into the 60s and it became more and more apparent that the creative force behind the film was the director.
- 2.) Chapter 2: 1967 - Mike Nichols, The Graduate
- 00:03:36Mike Nichols, known as the actors' director, directed Dustin Hoffman in The Graduate, starring Anne Bancroft as Mrs. Robinson, and also directed Catch-22, Silkwood, Primary Colors, Charlie Wilson's War and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf.
- 3.) Chapter 3: 1969 - Sam Peckinpah Redefines the Western
- 00:03:23Sam Peckinpah changed the face of the western with his classic The Wild Bunch and also directed, The Deadly Companions and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia.
- 4.) Chapter 4: 1973 - Terrence Malick, Existential Philosopher
- 00:03:41A leading director in the New Wave of American cinema, Terence Malick directed Badlands, The New World, New Wave, Days of Heaven, The Thin Red Line and The Tree of Life.
- 5.) Chapter 5: 1974 - Mel Brooks, King of Comedy
- 00:02:45Born Melvin Kaminsky, Mel Brooks created the comedy character of the 2000 year old man with Carl Reiner and later went on to direct the film parodies Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein and High Anxiety.
- 6.) Chapter 6: 1976 - Martin Scorsese Directs Taxi Driver
- 00:04:17Martin Scorsese directed Mean Streets, Box Car Bertha, Taxi Driver and Raging Bull.
- 7.) Chapter 7: 1976 - Sidney Lumet Gives Expression to America's Angst
- 00:04:01Sydney Lumet directed Network, Dog Day Afternoon and The Pawnbroker.
|The Modern EraRunning Time: 0:28:00|
In The Modern Era Hollywood studios are owned by global conglomerates, and directors have become adept at both big-budget blockbusters and small budget independent gems. Program five shows how in the 21st Century a New Wave of American cinema introduces the movie director as the novelist and how this new kind of author has propelled film into the world's greatest art form. Oliver Stone, Spike Lee, Clint Eastwood, P.T. Anderson and Kathryn Bigelow are featured.
- 1.) Chapter 1: The New Wave
- 00:03:54The New Wave of American cinema was the era of the expensive blockbuster versus the low budget indie and formalized the idea of the director as auteur.
- 2.) Chapter 2: 1986 - Oliver Stone Wins His First Oscar for Directing
- 00:03:45The auteur Oliver Stone, used the concept of cinematic visual culture in his films Platoon, Wall Street and Natural Born Killers.
- 3.) Chapter 3: 1989 - Spike Lee, Black Auteur
- 00:03:33Black auteur Spike Lee is the director of Do the Right Thing, Malcolm X, Summer of Sam and, Miracle of St. Anna.
- 4.) Chapter 4: 1992 - Clint Eastwood Receives His First Oscar for Best Director
- 00:03:28Clint Eastwood, who has made a director's career of studying guns and violence made the revisionist western Unforgiven as well as many other movies, including Play Misty For Me, Bridges of Madison County, Million Dollar Baby and Gran Torino.
- 5.) Chapter 5: 2007 - P.T. Anderson Writes and Directs There Will Be Blood
- 00:03:17P.T. Anderson directed Boogie Nights, Magnolia, Punchdrunk Love and There Will Be Blood.
- 6.) Chapter 6: 2008 - Darren Aronofsky, The Wrestler
- 00:02:40Darren Aronofsky directed The Wrestler, Pi, Requiem for a Dream, The Fountain and Black Swan.
- 7.) Chapter 7: 2010 - Kathryn Bigelow Wins the Oscar for Best Director
- 00:02:59Kathryn Bigelow directed Blue Steel and Zero Dark Thirty as well as The Hurt Locker, which explored the idea of the male American hero.