|1774 - 1833 Running Time: 0:29:00|
In Program 1 students will study how America's founding fathers created a government to protect the civil rights of the people, rights derived not from any government but from nature or God and shown in the country's most sacred documents, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
- 1.) 1774 - Thomas Jefferson Writes A Summary View of the Rights of British America
- 00:05:14thomas Jefferson author of the Declaration of Independence beginning the American Revolution ending Britain's rule of her North American Colonies, learned about the inalienable rights of man from European Enlightenment thinkers.
- 2.) 1776 - America's Declaration of Independence Sets the Stage for Civil Rights
- 00:03:20the Declaration of Independence, which started the American Revolution and would become the foundation for the U.S. constitution while establishing the country's Independence Day, was written by thomas Jefferson, as a fundamental doctrine of civil rights and was signed on July 4th.
- 3.) 1791 -Bill of Rights Guarantees Civil Rights
- 00:03:17the Bill of Rights, central to American democracy, was written by James Madison as a Declaration of Human Rights to protect, civil rights - the civil liberties of the people.
- 4.) 1828 - Jacksonian Democracy Creates Universal White Male Suffrage
- 00:04:11Jacksonian Democracy, named after President Andrew Jackson, brought the common man into U.S. politics.
- 5.) 1833 - William Lloyd Garrison Founds the National Antislavery Society
- 00:04:58the abolition of slavery in America was first founded during the Great Awakening by the preacher George Whitefield and later the Quakers, and found its fruition in the American Anti-Slavery Society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, editor of the Liberator, and was supported by other abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass and Susan B. Anthony,
|1834 - 1868 Running Time: 0:27:00|
In Program 2 students will study how Americans launched the drive for universal education to make sure there is an enlightened citizenry that knows its civil rights, while at the same time, the country abolishes slavery and expands the idea that all men are created equal to include Blacks through the 13th and 14th Amendments.
- 1.) 1837 - Horace Mann Leads the Way for Universal Education
- 00:04:22Horace Mann, Father of America's Public School System, saw that universal education was a way to educate all Americans to understand their civil rights, but universal education did have its problems such as integration of minorities into public school systems, which was finally made possible by the U.S. Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education.
- 2.) 1863 - The Road to Lincoln\\'s Emancipation Proclamation
- 00:07:42the Emancipation Proclamation, ending slavery during the Civil War, was written by President Abraham Lincoln, to rally the support of abolitionists, but the long road to the proclamation began with the U.S. Constitution, which allowed slavery in spite of its principles of civil rights, and from 1820's Missouri Compromise to the Compromise of 1850, were needed to preserve the Constitution by allowing free and slave states to be admitted until the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision made Civil War
- 3.) 1865 - 13th Amendment Ends Slavery in America
- 00:01:57After the Civil War the 13th, amendment to the Constitution ended slavery.
- 4.) 1868 - 14th Amendment Lays the Foundation for Civil Rights for All
- 00:05:30the 14th Amendment, or second Bill of Rights, has become the great equalizer when it comes to education, racial and gender discrimination, and participation in the legal and political systems. through its far reaching 'equal protection clause.'
|1869 - 1916 Running Time: 0:29:00|
In program 3 students will study how the nation extended civil rights to Blacks, Chinese-Americans, American Indians, and Jewish Americans.
- 1.) 1869 - 15th Amendment Extends the Right to Vote to Black Men
- 00:02:39the 15th Amendment pushed through the Senate by Radical Republicans such as thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, gave the right to vote to former black slaves.
- 2.) 1879 - Standing Bear Becomes a Person
- 00:03:19Standing Bear, an American Indian, was arrested by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, General Crook for leaving the Ponca reservation in Oklahoma, but was granted a writ of habeus corpus, thereby making him an American citizen entitled to civil rights.
- 3.) 1884 - Joseph and Mary Tape Successfully Challenge San Francisco Public Schools
- 00:05:02Joseph and Mary Tape, worked to obtain civil rights and equal rights for their children's schooling, but the California Supreme Court ruled the children must attend a, separate but equal Chinese primary school.
- 4.) 1886 - Through Yick Wo Supreme Court Establishes Equal Protection for Non Citizens
- 00:04:34Yick Wo, who owned a Chinese American laundry, sought equal rights and civil rights for Chinese American laundrymen in the Supreme Court Case Yick Wo v. Hopkins.
- 5.) 1909 - W.E.B. Du Bois Founds the NAACP
- 00:02:58W.E.B. Du Bois founds the NAACP to fight Jim Crow laws and segregation and to promote Civil Rights.
- 6.) 1916 - Louis Brandeis is the Champion of the Common Man
- 00:02:18Louis Brandeis, a lawyer for the common man was also a leader of the American Zionist movement and the first Jewish American appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court, opening the door for other Jewish Americans such as, Benjamin Cardozo, Felix Frankfurter, Arthur J. Goldberg, Abe Fortas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen Breyer.
|1917 - 1926 Running Time: 0:28:00|
In Program 4 students will study how civil rights were extended to the states through the 14th Amendment and how women, American Indians, Chinese Americans, solidified their claims to civil rights.
- 1.) 1920 - Women Gain the Right to Vote
- 00:02:39the 19th Amendment allowed women to gain the right to vote, a right fought for by suffragettes first led by Susan B. Anthony in the 19th century.
- 2.) 1924 - Gertrude Simmons Bonnin Begins the Revival of American Indian Rights
- 00:04:37Gertrude Simmons Bonnin was an American Indian leader for American Indian Heritage and Civil rights.
- 3.) 1925 -U.S. Supreme Court Begins Extending the Bill of Rights to the States
- 00:06:36the 14th Amendment was used in the case of Gitlow v New York, a case involving anarchist Benjamin Gitlow, by Chief Justice William Howard Taft to incorporate, or extend, the Bill of Rights to the states during there Roaring Twenties.
- 4.) 1926 - You Chung Hong Leads the Fight for Chinese American Civil Rights
- 00:05:54You Chung Hong, was a Chinese American lawyer who fought for civil rights, such as in Yick Wo. V. Hopkins, and to end the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.
|1927 - 1961 Running Time: 0:29:00|
In Program 5 students will study how a major shift in American consciousness under President Truman concerning the civil rights of Blacks led to the greatest civil rights movement the nation has ever seen, including the end of the doctrine 'separate but equal,' the courage of Rosa Parks and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in ending segregation and How the U.S. Supreme Court extended the 4th Amendment's protections to the states.
- 1.) 1935 - Mary McLeod Bethune: American Woman of the 20th Century
- 00:03:20Mary McLeod Bethune, a member of FDR's Black Cabinet, founded Bethune Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women, which allied with the NAACP to promote Civil Rights.
- 2.) 1943 - Magnuson Act Repeals the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
- 00:02:25the Magnuson Act, over turned Chinese Exclusion, in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882,and was later followed by the McCarran Walter Act and the Hart Celler Act.
- 3.) 1948 - Harry S. Truman Initiates a Sea Change in American Civil Rights
- 00:06:02President Truman created a sea change in the civil rights movements for Blacks and other minorities by desegregating the American Military with the help of Black General Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr., in writing Executive Order # 9981, which would lead to total integration of the American military by the Vietnam War.
- 4.) 1954 - Brown v. Board of Education
- 00:02:56Brown v. Board of Education, reestablished civil rights lost in Plessey V. Ferguson, which allowed Jim Crow laws, but black lawyer thurgood Marshal led the fight for desegregation which was upheld by the Earl Warren court.
- 5.) 1955 - Rosa Parks is Arrested
- 00:02:34Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus and set the stage for the end of segregation and the beginning of full Civil Rights for Blacks.
- 6.) 1961 - U.S. Supreme Court Extends Fourth Amendment to the States
- 00:02:50In 1964 the Supreme Court enforced the 4th Amendment's protection against an illegal search without a proper search warrant.
|1962 - 1965 Running Time: 0:27:00|
In Program 6 students will study how the promise of the Declaration of Independence was finally extended to Blacks through four monumental pieces of legislation, ending discrimination in the workplace, the voting booth and in representation in Congress , while at the same time, the Supreme Court strengthened the rights of the accused through its landmark Miranda ruling.
- 1.) 1963 - Martin Luther King Jr.'s I Have a Dream Speech
- 00:03:17Martin Luther King Jr.'s I Have a Dream speech would be the culmination of non-violent protests and Freedom Rides to end segregation and bring on Black Civil Rights.
- 2.) 1964 -Warren Court Strengthens 'Innocent Until Proven Guilty' through Miranda
- 00:03:45the Miranda ruling by the Supreme Court expanded the legal rights of the accused.
- 3.) 1964 -Civil Rights Act Outlaws Discrimination Against Blacks and Women
- 00:02:35the Civil Rights Act of 1964, begun by President Kennedy and completed by President Johnson, was one of the most important pieces of civil rights legislation during the civil rights movement, and helped to end discrimination and racism in the workplace and advance equal employment opportunity.
- 4.) 1964 - 24th Amendment Prohibits Poll Taxes in Federal Elections
- 00:03:27the 24th Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 extended Civil rights of blacks.
- 5.) 1964 - One Man, One Vote
- 00:04:30Gerrymandering, named after Massachusetts' Governor Elbridge Gerry, is a circumvention of the 'one man one vote' rule, an important part of America's election process, though the Electoral College in the election of Presidents does not follow the rule.
- 6.) 1965 - Voting Rights Act is Passed
- 00:02:24the National Voting Rights Act of 1965 was one of the most important pieces of civil rights legislation, giving the Federal Government the power and means to supervise polling places in state and federal elections and end the disenfranchisement of Black voters through such arcane tests as literacy tests.
|1965 - 1993 Running Time: 0:28:00|
In Program 7 students will study how in this the era of the great civil rights leaders for Hispanics, Blacks, American Indians, and Jewish Americans helped usher in a time of great change in the civil rights of all Americans for the betterment of all Americans, while the 26th Amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote.
- 1.) 1965 - Cesar Chavez Leads the Charge for Hispanic Civil Rights
- 00:07:32Cesar Chavez founded the United Farm Workers of America, a Farm Workers Association representing Hispanic workers, as Mexican Americans began to work for Chicano rights equal to the sacrifices they made for the United States.
- 2.) 1967 - Thurgood Marshall is the Champion for Black Rights
- 00:03:39Lincoln University graduate and Black lawyer thurgood Marshall, who led the team fighting for Civil Rights in Brown v. Board of Education, is appointed as the first Black justice to the U.S.
- 3.) 1970 - John Echohawk Founds the Native American Rights Fund
- 00:04:03Olympian Billy Mills endorsed Native American Rights Fund founder John Echohawk, as the American Indian leader pushing forward for Civil rights and American Indian rights.
- 4.) 1971 - 26th Amendment Gives 18 Year Olds the Right to Vote
- 00:01:35the 26th Amendment gave the right to vote, to 18 year olds.
- 5.) 1993 - Ruth Bader Ginsburg is Appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
- 00:02:32Ruth Bader Ginsburg is not only a U.S. Supreme Court Justice, she is a leader of women's civil rights just as thurgood Marshall was a leader for black civil rights.
|1994 - 2010 Running Time: 0:29:00|
In Program 8 students will study the first great civil rights issues of the 21st century - illegal immigration, due process for non U.S. citizens, and gays in the U.S. military.
- 1.) 2007 - Hispanics March for Civil Rights
- 00:05:08Illegal Immigration and Illegal immigrants from Mexico and Latin America, has topped 11 million, causing America to split into two camps, one asking for amnesty and the other demanding increased border patrols and deportation.
- 2.) 2008 - Boumediene v Bush Confirms Due Process for Non Citizens
- 00:02:59After al Qaeda Islamic terrorists on 9/11 attacked the U.S., America invaded Afghanistan and captured enemy combatants who became Guantanamo detainees and were denied due process by the Bush Administration since they were non-U.S. citizens, until the Supreme Court ruled in Boumediene v Bush, that non-U.S. citizens have civil rights such as due process, and therefore are entitled to the same inalienable rights as thomas Jefferson wrote about in the Declaration of Independence.
- 3.) 2008 - Barack Obama Wins the Presidency
- 00:10:06By winning the presidency, democratic U.S. Senator, Barack Obama became the first black president and changed a 350 year old era of segregation, racism and Jim Crow laws, transcending race as an issue for blacks and whites.
- 4.) 2010 - 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' Repealed
- 00:02:46the 'don't ask, don't tell' compromise of 1993 was repealed in 2010, allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the U.S. Military and enjoy the civil right of freedom of expression found in the 1st Amendment.