|1701 - 1713Running Time: 0:27:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this first 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1701-The English Board of Trade Creates Royal Colonies
- 00:03:57Royal Colonies were an important part of founding America, including Plymouth Rock and Massachusetts Bay Colony established by the Puritans.
- 2.) 1701- French Return Soldiers to the North American Interior
- 00:03:20From the early French colonies, French trappers made their way through the Straits of Mackinac into the present day U.S.
- 3.) 1701 -Yale College is Founded
- 00:02:29Yale established the educational structure that would be an integral part of founding America and the American colonies.
- 4.) 1702 - Colonists Sack St. Augustine
- 00:02:37Spanish colonies, especially St. Augustine, would be a strategic point in Queen Anne's War.
- 5.) 1702 - Cotton Mather publishes "The Ecclesiastical History of New England"
- 00:02:43Cotton Mather's history of the, Massachusetts Bay Colony and Puritans would be important to understanding the founding of America.
- 6.) 1709 - Quakers Erect a Meeting House in Boston
- 00:02:45The Quakers and William Penn established Pennsylvania colony an important part of founding America.
- 7.) 1713 - Treaty of Utrecht
- 00:02:56The Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's War but would set the stage for the War of Jenkins Ear 30 years later.
- 8.) 1713 - Capt Robinson Designs and Constructs a Schooner
- 00:03:34The schooner, designed by Captain Andrew Robinson, showed that American entrepreneurs were an important pat of a successful colonization of North America.
|1714 - 1735Running Time: 0:27:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this second 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1718 - New Orleans is founded
- 00:03:38French colonies and especially, New Orleans, founded by Robert LaSalle, would establish the vitally important French Louisiana colony.
- 2.) 1723 - The Maryland Assembly Requires Free Public Schools in Every County
- 00:02:49Founding America was based in part on the avant garde system of American Education.
- 3.) 1729 - The City of Baltimore is Established
- 00:03:02Founding America, was based in part on the creation of cities such as Baltimore and later forts such as Fort McHenry on Chesapeake Bay.
- 4.) 1732 - The First Stagecoach Line
- 00:02:21American transportation would lead the way to the founding of America, especially the stagecoach.
- 5.) 1732 - Georgia Becomes the 13th Colony
- 00:02:43James Oglethorpe founded the Georgia colony, which with Carolina colonies, would go onto establish the South centered around the deep south colony of Georgia.
- 6.) 1732 - Influenza Sweeps Through the Colonies
- 00:03:10American Colonies suffered disease outbreaks such as influenza and smallpox, for which Cotton Mather led the way in finding an inoculation.
- 7.) 1733 - The British Parliament Passes the Molasses Act
- 00:02:55The causes of the American Revolution would lay in British Parliament unfair legislation such as the Molasses Act.
- 8.) 1735 Peter Zenger Acquitted of Libel in New York
- 00:04:01One of the causes of the American Revolution was the colonists cry for a Free Press, first established by Peter Zenger, and which later would become a cherished American liberty as well as one of the civil rights of the U.S. Constitution.
|1736 - 1750Running Time: 0:26:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this third 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1739 - The Great Awakening Begins
- 00:03:40George Whitefield, founder of the Colonial Great Awakening, would establish throughout the colonies the desire for Freedom of Religion, a part of the U.S. constitution.
- 2.) 1739 - Black Uprising in South Carolina
- 00:03:15Slavery in the 18th century would lead to slave revolts.
- 3.) 1739 - The War of Jenkins Ear Begins
- 00:03:24The War of Jenkins Ear would bring colonial militias into the European Wars and eventually lead to the Founding of America and the United States.
- 4.) 1739-41 - New Explorations
- 00:03:03French traders, Paul Mallet and Pierre Mallet, as well as Vitus Bering would expand the frontiers of Colonial America.
- 5.) 1747 - The Ohio Land Company is Established
- 00:03:00The Ohio Land Company, based within the Ohio River Basin, helped trigger the French and Indian war, and led to the expansion of colonies in the founding of America.
- 6.) 1750 - Native American Cultures Dominate the Great Plains
- 00:03:10The Pueblo Indian revolt led directly to the creation of the American Indian horse culture in the 18th century.
- 7.) 1750 - Parliament Passes Iron Act
- 00:04:17Britain's Iron act would help start the, American Revolution because of its harsh effect on colonial iron manufactures in Pennsylvania's Schuylkill Valley.
|1750 - 1766Running Time: 0:27:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this fourth 18th Century Turning Points Program
- 1.) 1750 - The Flatboat and Conestoga Wagon
- 00:03:03American enterprise is seen in the Conestoga wagon and the flatboat.
- 2.) 1754 - The Albany Plan of Union
- 00:02:22The Albany plan of Union, introduce by Benjamin Franklin, would help lead to the American Revolution.
- 3.) 1754 -1763 The French and Indian War
- 00:05:25The French and Indian War produced American war leaders such as George Washington, and in founding America, led to the American Revolution.
- 4.) 1760 - James Otis Fights for the Security of People in Their Homes
- 00:01:58James Otis fought against illegal searches, a pivotal issue in the American Revolution, and later part of Civil Rights in the U.S. Constitution.
- 5.) 1763 - Ottawa Chief Pontiac's War for Independence
- 00:04:09Chief Pontiac, an America Indian leader, led Native Americans in a war of independence in the old Northwest and Kentucky against British forces and American colonists.
- 6.) 1765 - The Stamp Act is Passed
- 00:03:21Parliament's Stamp Act would lead to the American Revolution and help create revolutionary leaders such as Patrick Henry and the Sons of Liberty.
- 7.) 1765 - Samuel Adams Forms the Sons of Liberty
- 00:03:15Samuel Adams, John Hancock and the Sons of Liberty fomented rebellion through acts like the Boston Tea Party, eventually leading to the American Revolution.
- 8.) 1766 - John Singleton Copley Paints "Boys with the Squirrel"
- 00:01:31The American artist, such as John Singleton Copley and Charles W. Peale, captured American life.
|1767 - 1776Running Time: 0:27:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this fifth 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1767 - Daniel Boone Views Kentucky
- 00:02:22Daniel Boone helped founding America by leading pioneers through the Cumberland Gap, along the Wilderness Road to Kentucky.
- 2.) 1768 - Indiana Co. buys 1,800,000 acres from the Iroquois
- 00:02:19The Indiana Company, sought land from Indians in the Old Northwest Territory, circumventing Britain's Proclamation line along the Appalachian Mountains.
- 3.) 1769 - Father Juniper Serra Founds the San Diego Mission
- 00:01:36Father Juniper Serra, founded San Diego and helped foster along the El Camino Real, Spanish colonies and the California mission system.
- 4.) 1770 - The Liberty Pole Riot and the Boston Massacre
- 00:02:42The Boston Massacre and the Liberty pole riot jump started the American Revolution and helped produce heroes like Paul Revere in the Revolutionary War.
- 5.) 1773 - The Boston Tea Party
- 00:02:54Boston Tea Party, a result of the Townshend Revenue Act, led to the American Revolution, the Revolutionary War.
- 6.) 1774 - The First Continental Congress Meets in Philadelphia
- 00:02:04The Continental Congress paved the way for the American Revolution by resisting the Intolerable Acts, and led by men such as Patrick Henry, Sam Adams, John Adams, and George Washington created a new nation, the United States.
- 7.) 1775 - Battle of Lexington and Concord
- 00:02:27Concord and Lexington started the Revolutionary War, after Paul Revere's ride, a heroic act of the American Revolution.
- 8.) 1775 - George Washington Commands Continental Army
- 00:02:41George Washington was appointed leader of the Continental Army, while the Battle of Bunker Hill became the first full scale military battle of the Revolutionary War at the beginning of the American Revolution.
- 9.) 1776 - Thomas Paine Publishes "Common Sense"
- 00:02:45Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense outlining the importance of the American Revolution.
- 10.) 1776 - The Declaration of Independence
- 00:03:32The Declaration of Independence, which started the American Revolution and would become the foundation for the U.S. constitution while establishing the country's Independence Day, was written by Thomas Jefferson, as a fundamental doctrine of civil rights and was signed on July 4th.
|1776 - 1783Running Time: 0:28:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this sixth 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1776 - Washington Crosses the Delaware
- 00:03:45Washington crosses the Delaware in 1776 establishing George Washington as a true hero and leader during the Revolutionary War, while the importance of the American Revolution is written about by Thomas Paine.
- 2.) 1777 - Congress Mandates the American Flag
- 00:02:03Betsy Ross sews the flag of the American Revolution.
- 3.) 1777 - Second Battle of Saratoga
- 00:03:34The Colonies' Revolutionary War turns around at the Battle of Saratoga, beginning the march to a successful American Revolution built on the backbone of the colonial militia.
- 4.) 1777 - John Paul Jones Sets Sail
- 00:03:11John Paul Jones fought for the Revolutionary war and helped to make the American Revolution successful by showing the American Navy could fight.
- 5.) 1777-78 - The Winter at Valley Forge
- 00:03:41From the darkest days of Valley Forge in the second year of the Revolutionary War, the American Revolution and its military leaders like George Washington and Baron Frederick Von Steuben, as well as heroines like Mary Ludwig Hayes - Molly Pitcher - never gave up on the ideal of freedom and as a result, battles like the Battle of Monmouth would be won by the colonies.
- 6.) 1778 - George Rogers Clark Captures Kaskaskia
- 00:04:07George Rogers Clark during the American Revolution, the Revolutionary War, led an attack on Kaskaskia at the bidding of Patrick Henry, in order to secure the Old Northwest Territory for the colonies.
- 7.) 1781 - The Siege of Yorktown
- 00:03:24Yorktown ended the Revolutionary War, but only after military leaders of the American Revolution, under the command of George Washington, defeated the British at Cowpens, and sent British general Lord Cornwallis into retreat to Virginia.
- 8.) 1783 - The Treaty of Paris and the End of The Revolutionary War
- 00:01:42The Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolution.
|1783 - 1790Running Time: 0:27:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this seventh 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1783 - Noah Webster Issues "Blue-backed Speller"
- 00:02:21Noah Webster writes his Blue-backed Speller.
- 2.) 1785 - 1787 - Continental Congress Passes Land Ordinance Acts
- 00:02:50The Continental Congress enacts the Land Ordinance Acts for the Old Northwest Territory.
- 3.) 1786 - Shay's Rebellion
- 00:02:10Shays' Rebellion, led by Daniel Shays, leads to a new U.S. Constitution.
- 4.) 1787 - The United States Constitution is Created
- 00:04:53The Constitution replaces the, Articles of Confederation, when leaders such as George Washington, Ben Franklin and James Madison, meet to write a new U.S. Constitution, with the support of Thomas Jefferson and the authors of the Federalist Papers.
- 5.) 1789 - George Washington Elected First President
- 00:01:58George Washington is the first U.S. President and John Adams is the vice president.
- 6.) 1789 - James Madison Proposes the Bill of Rights
- 00:03:05The Bill of Rights, written by James Madison, presents Constitutional amendments, guaranteeing among others, Freedom of Press, Freedom of Religion, and Freedom of speech.
- 7.) 1789 - Alexander Hamilton becomes Secretary of the Treasury and Shapes America's Modern Industrial E
- 00:02:55Alexander Hamilton, protecting American Businesses and American inventors, is killed by Aaron Burr after founding the Bank of the United States.
- 8.) 1790 - Benjamin Franklin Dies
- 00:04:12Benjamin Franklin, diplomat, statesman and scientist, is also the author of Poor Richard's Almanac.
|1791 - 1799Running Time: 0:25:00|
American History, 18th Century American History, United States History, and 18th Century United States History begin in this eighth 18th Century Turning Points Program.
- 1.) 1792 - Benjamin Banneker saves the White House
- 00:02:09Benjamin Banneker, who helped design Washington D.C., is the first Black American Scientist.
- 2.) 1793 - Congress enacts a Fugitive Slave Law
- 00:02:41The Fugitive Slave Act would be used as a bargaining chip for passage of the Bill of Rights, but it would promote Slavery, the buying and selling of slaves, in order to get Americans' cherished Civil Rights into the Constitution.
- 3.) 1794 - The Whiskey Rebellion is Put Down
- 00:03:04The Whiskey Rebellion is put down by George Washington.
- 4.) 1794 & 1795 - The Jay and Pinckney Treaties Protect America's Westward Expansion
- 00:02:40The John Jay Treaty and the Pinckney Treaty are negotiated by John Jay and Thomas Pinckney.
- 5.) 1796 - John Adams becomes the Second President of United States Inaugurating the Two-Party System
- 00:03:17The election of John Adams as President founded America's Two-party system, as the former Vice President, created dissidents - Republicans, and supporters - Federalists.
- 6.) 1797 - U.S.S. Constitution is Launched
- 00:02:10The U.S.S. Constitution helped set in motion an American Navy and Marine Corps.
- 7.) 1798 - Alien and Sedition Acts Usher in a Bleak Period of American Political Freedom
- 00:02:41The Sedition Act, and Alien Acts disrupt American Civil Rights.
- 8.) 1799 - Eulogy for George Washington Ends the Century
- 00:03:51George Washington - first in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen.