|American Indians Populate the North American ContinentRunning Time: 0:28:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this first program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 12,000 B.C. - American Indians Arrive in What Will Become the United States
- 00:07:14The first American Indians migrated to the New World and later established the Clovis culture, as shown by Clovis points and this migration is later explained by modern Indian cultures as in the Hopi myth.
- 2.) 10,000 B.C. - Paleo Indians Become the Most Accomplished Stone Age Hunters
- 00:05:14The Paleo Indians became the best Stone Age hunters, developing Clovis points, used by the Clovis Culture, and other fluted points, such as the Folsom points, all of which were used with a spear thrower known as an atlatl.
- 3.) 4000 B.C. - Old Copper Culture Initiates Metallurgy in the United States
- 00:05:36The Old Copper Culture had ancient metal workers who created copper artifacts.
- 4.) 2000 B.C. - Pecos Culture Produces Sacred Rock Paintings
- 00:05:01The Pecos Culture, is famous for its rock paintings, of which some of this rock art was used in shamanism.
|The Golden Age of Ancient American IndiansRunning Time: 0:28:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this second program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1700 B.C. - Poverty Point Culture Founds First American City
- 00:05:51The Poverty Point Culture was a hunter-gatherer society in Louisiana, who were mound builders and built the first American Indian city.
- 2.) 1400 B.C. - American Indians Begin Shift to Agriculture
- 00:03:37American Indian agriculture domesticated Indian corn, beans and squash.
- 3.) 300 A.D. - Archaic Upper Great Lakes Cultures Begin Building Effigy Mounds
- 00:06:18The Woodland Culture Indians were mound builders, that were really three groups - Red Ocher, Hopewell and Effigy Culture.
- 4.) 800 A.D. - Bow and Arrow Has Spread Across the Continental United States
- 00:01:33The bow and arrow spread throughout the North American continent by 800 A.D.
- 5.) 1000 A.D. - Mississippian Culture Establishes Cahokia As Their Capital
- 00:06:29Mississippian Culture, including the capital at Cahokia, Aztalan and Ocmulgee in Georgia, was a group of American Indian city-states, who were mound builders, creating earthworks monuments.
|The Great TransitionRunning Time: 0:29:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this third program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1100 - Anasazi Build Cliff Cities at Mesa Verde
- 00:06:22The Anasazi built cliff dwellings and ceremonial kivas at Mesa Verde, one of the American Indian City States, and using maize, they created a maize culture that passed down to their descendants, the Pueblo people.
- 2.) 1142 - Iroquois League Creates Constitution
- 00:06:02The Iroquois and the Iroquois League created the Iroquois League Constitution, establishing a league of Indian nations as represented by the Haudenosaunee flag, and recorded in a wampum belt.
- 3.) 1614 - Pocahontas Marries John Rolfe
- 00:07:24Pocahontas was the daughter of the leader of the Powhatan Confederacy, and she befriended the Jamestown leader, Captain John Smith and married John Rolfe.
- 4.) 1621 - Squanto and Massasoit Help Pilgrims Survive
- 00:05:12The Pilgrims were aided by New England Indians, Massasoit and Squanto, such that the Plymouth Plantation succeeded and the Puritans gave thanks through the first Thanksgiving.
|Resistance and AcceptanceRunning Time: 0:28:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this fourth program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1675 - Metacom Leads "King Philip's War"
- 00:05:18King Philip's War, led by Metacom, the Wampanoag chief also known as King Philip, was one of many wars by the English colonies at Jamestown and Plymouth Plantation against Native Americans, including the Pequot War in 1636.
- 2.) 1680 - Pope Drives Spanish from Santa Fe
- 00:02:59A charismatic Pueblo Indian, Pope led a revolt against the Spanish in Santa Fe, freeing the Pueblo Indians.
- 3.) 1680 - Kateri Tekakwitha, Patroness of Ecology
- 00:03:43The daughter of a Mohawk warrior, Kateri Tekakwitha is the Patroness of Ecology and is on her way to becoming an American Indian Saint.
- 4.) 1763 - Ottawa Chief Pontiac's War for Independence
- 00:04:06Chief Pontiac, an America Indian leader, led Native Americans in a war of independence in the old Northwest and Kentucky against British forces and American colonists.
- 5.) 1799 - Handsome Lake Founds Longhouse Religion
- 00:03:31An Iroquois leader, Handsome Lake founded the Longhouse religion.
- 6.) 1805 - Sacagawea, Interpreter and Guide, Aids Lewis and Clark Western Expedition
- 00:03:57Sacagawea helped Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery Expedition, especially when they met her Shoshone relatives.
|The New Indian LeadersRunning Time: 0:26:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this fifth program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1811 - Chief Tecumseh Leads the Last Great American Indian Confederacy
- 00:06:04At the Battle of Tippecanoe, Shawnee leader Tecumseh was defeated by General William Henry Harrison.
- 2.) 1821 - Sequoyah Creates Cherokee System of Writing
- 00:04:07Sequoyah, the great Cherokee Indian, invented the Cherokee system of writing.
- 3.) 1833 - Chief Black Hawk Writes His Autobiography
- 00:03:01Chief Black Hawk, who led American Indians in Black Hawk War, which ended in the Massacre at Bad Axe River, also wrote Black Hawk an Autobiography.
- 4.) 1835 - Osceola Resists Indian Removal Act
- 00:03:59Osceola led the Seminole Indians in their fight against the Indian Removal Act of 1830, in what is now called the Seminole War.
- 5.) 1850 - Chief Sealth Welcomes Settlers to the Pacific Northwest
- 00:03:44Chief Sealth, also known as Chief Seattle, was a leader of the Suquamish Nation and found a way to keep peace between the whites and the Pacific Northwest Indians.
|The Plains Indians WarRunning Time: 0:29:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this sixth program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1861 - Cochise, Undefeated Apache Warrior Hero
- 00:04:45After the Bascom Affair, the Apache leader Cochise, the son in law of Mangas Coloradas, led the Apache Indians in a successful war against whites in Arizona and was never defeated.
- 2.) 1864 - Ely Samuel Parker Becomes Adjutant to General Ulysses S. Grant
- 00:02:48Seneca Indian Ely Samuel Parker, the first Indian Commissioner of Indian Affairs, was an adjutant to General Ulysses S. Grant, and wrote out the surrender papers fro Robert E. Lee at Appomattox.
- 3.) 1868 - Red Cloud, the Sioux Renaissance Leader
- 00:04:08Red Cloud, one of the greatest of the Sioux warrior chiefs, led Sioux and Cheyenne warriors in the only war the Indians won in the Indian Wars of the 19th century.
- 4.) 1875 - Quanah Parker, Legendary Comanche Leader
- 00:03:07Quanah Parker was a Comanche war leader in the Indian Wars of the 19th century.
- 5.) 1876 - Sitting Bull & Crazy Horse at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
- 00:05:33Sioux warriors Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse defeated George Armstrong Custer at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in the 19th century's Indian Wars.
- 6.) 1877 - Chief Joseph Leads Brilliant Nez Perce Retreat
- 00:03:17Chief Joseph led the Nez Perce retreat, also known as the Nez Perce Campaign, in the Indian wars of the 19th century.
|The Emergence of the American Indian HeroRunning Time: 0:29:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this seventh program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1883 - Sarah Winnemucca Publishes Her Autobiography
- 00:02:16Sarah Winnemucca was a Paiute Indian who fought for American Indian civil rights.
- 2.) 1900 - The La Flesche Family Starts to Preserve American Indian Cultures and Religions
- 00:03:42Indian leader Joseph La Flesche's children, Susette La Flesche, Susan La Flesche, and Francis La Flesche, led the way to preserve American Indian rights, and American Indian heritage.
- 3.) 1912 - Jim Thorpe Wins Olympic Gold Medal
- 00:05:02Jim Thorpe who won gold medals at the Olympics, has inspired other American Indian athletes, like Billy Mills, Sam Bradford and Joba Chamberlain.
- 4.) 1924 - Gertrude Simmons Bonnin Sets the Stage for Survival of American Indians
- 00:04:35Gertrude Simmons Bonnin was an American Indian leader for American Indian Heritage and Civil rights.
- 5.) 1929 - Charles Curtis is Elected Vice President of the United States
- 00:03:27Charles Curtis, the first American Indian Vice President, helped pave the way for American Indian rights.
- 6.) 1942 - American Indians Become Heroes in WWII
- 00:05:42WWII American Indian heroes included the Navajo Code Talkers, Ira Hayes, who help raise the flag on Iwo Jima, and General Clarence Tinker.
|American Indian RenaissanceRunning Time: 0:28:00|
American Indians, the history of American Indians and Native American culture and heroes are presented in this eight program of American Indian Achievement
- 1.) 1969 - N. Scott Momaday Wins Pulitzer Prize
- 00:02:49Some of the great American Indian authors include N. Scott Momaday, an American author, won the Pulitzer Prize for House Made of Dawn, and Louise Erdrich and Simon Ortiz.
- 2.) 1970 - John Echohawk Founds NARF
- 00:04:00Olympian Billy Mills endorsed Native American Rights Fund founder John Echohawk, as the American Indian leader pushing forward for Civil rights and American Indian rights.
- 3.) 1973 - Second Battle of Wounded Knee t
- 00:02:42American Indian movement, AIM, held a protest at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
- 4.) 1977 - Velarde and Martinez Found the Modern American Indian Art Movement
- 00:04:16Pablita Velarde and Maria Martinez were two American Indian artists who shepherded the contemporary American Indian Art Movement.
- 5.) 1985- Wilma Mankiller Becomes Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation
- 00:03:56Wilma Mankiller was elected leader of the Cherokee Nation, one of many Native American women who became leaders in their tribes, was also one of few native American women writers.
- 6.) 2002 - Dr. Frank Dukepoo Joins Einstein on Ithaca's Science Center Wall of Inspiration
- 00:02:23Frank Charles Dukepoo, one of the few American Indian scientists worked on the Human Genome Diversity Project.
- 7.) 2007 - Jana Mashonee Is Nominated for a Grammy
- 00:03:26Leading American Indian musician and singer Jana Mashonee has helped to preserve American Indian Heritage and Native American music.