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A History of Christianity: The First 3000 Years

A History of Christianity, a six-part series presented by Diarmaid MacCulloch, an Oxford history professor whose books about Cranmer and the Reformation have been acclaimed as masterpieces. A History Of Christianity will reveal the true origins of Christianity and delve into what it means to be a Christian. Intelligent, thought-provoking and magisterial in its scope the series will uncover how a small Jewish sect that preached humility became the biggest religion in the world. Most Christian histories start with St Paul's mission to Rome, but Diarmaid MacCulloch argues that the first Christianity stayed much closer to its Middle-Eastern roots. He describes not only the main ideas and personalities of Christian history, its organization and spirituality, but how it has changed politics, sex, and human society.
Episode 1: The First ChristianityRunning Time: 0:59:00

Diarmaid MacCulloch discusses the origins of Christianity in ancient Israel,

Chapter List
1.) The First Christianity
00:11:07Jesus Christ and Jerusalem are highlighted in this first chapter on the history of the Christian religion and Christian church.
2.) Christian Edessa
00:10:15The founding of the Christian church and its spread to Syria and Edessa in Turkey, as well the conversion of the Roman Empire under Constantine the Great and the founding of Constantinople in what would become the Byzantine Empire are discussed in this chapter.
3.) Constantine's Capital
00:10:41This chapter looks at the Roman Emperor Constantine, the establishment of the Christian church and the founding of Constantinople, as well as Jesus, the historic Jesus and God.
4.) The Syriac Orthodox Church
00:10:18The Christian Church in Syria as well as Imperial Christianity are discussed as they fight against Islam established by the Muslim prophet, Mohammed in the 7th century.
5.) The Church of The East
00:08:58The spread of Christianity and the Christian Church by Mar Timothy in Iraq as well as the spread of Christianity to China are discussed in this chapter.
6.) The Religion of Light
00:07:36This chapter discusses Christian China and the Christian Church.
Episode 2: Catholicism, The Unpredictable Rise of RomeRunning Time: 0:59:00

Diarmaid MacCulloch discusses the beginnings of Catholicism, the rise of the Catholic Church in Rome and the Papacy.

Chapter List
1.) Catholicism
00:10:11The rise of Catholicism and Catholic Christianity in the Roman Empire, as well as the bringing of Christianity to Rome and Constantinople through Constantine, Peter, and Paul are discussed in this chapter.
2.) A New Jerusalem
00:08:16The Catholic Church as seen in its great churches, St. Martins and St. Peter, early leading Christian leaders such as Constantine, Augustine and Pope Damasus I, as well as the concept of original sin and the fall of Rome to the barbarians, causing the Dark Ages are examined in this chapter.
3.) At A Crossroads
00:13:40With the fall of the Roman Empire, the Dark Ages began in western Europe, which helped Orthodox Christianity under Justinian to flourish as well as Aryan Christianity, and later, leaders such as Benedict, Pope Gregory I, Augustine, the Archbishop of Canterbury, would lead a revival of Christianity in western Europe through Christian monasteries.
4.) Skellig Michael Monastery
00:07:35This chapter discusses the Skellig Michael Monastery, one of the homes of Irish Christianity and Celtic Christians, as well as Charlemagne the Holy Roman Emperors and the clash with Islam.
5.) Central Control
00:09:58Pope Gregory VII's influence on Catholic Christianity as well as the concepts of salvation, purgatory, and the Crusades, or holy wars against Islam and the role of the Knights Templar are discussed in this chapter.
6.) Religious Structure
00:09:16Catholic Church, the Papacy and the Vatican, and leaders such as Pope Innocent III and Francis of Assisi as well as the concepts of confession, and communion and the use of the Inquisition to stamp out heresy are discussed in this chapter.
Episode 3: Orthodoxy, From Empire to EmpireRunning Time: 0:59:00

Diarmaid MacCulloch discusses the rise of the Greek Orthodox Church in Constantinople and the rise of the , Russian Orthodox Church in Moscow.

Chapter List
1.) Orthodoxy
00:11:25The Eastern Orthodox Church, the Greek Orthodox, in the Byzantine Empire led by Justinian and Theodora are discussed in this chapter.
2.) Icons
00:09:22This chapter highlights icons, mystical Christian icons and iconoclasm, as well as the Byzantine Empire and its struggle Islam.
3.) Cyril & Methodius
00:10:55Saints Cyril and Methodius founded Slavic Christianity, while the Nicene Creed underscored the Christian Schism between the Byzantine Empire's Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Rome's Roman Catholic Christianity.
4.) The Third Rome
00:04:30Russian Orthodox Christianity was part of the Russian Empire.
5.) Ivan The Terrible
00:10:25Russian Orthodox Christianity during the early centuries of the Russian Empire was used by Russian Tsars such as Ivan the Terrible, Alexi, and Peter the Great, rulers who were opposed by wandering spiritual hermits such as St. Basil.
6.) Communism
00:11:34The Fall of the Russian Empire under Tsar Nicholas II was caused in part by the disreputable mystic, Rasputin, and was replaced by Communism, led by Lenin and Stalin.
Episode 4: Reformation - The Individual Before GodRunning Time: 0:59:00

Diarmaid MacCulloch discusses the Reformation, Protestantism, Martin Luther, Huldrych Zwingli , John Calvin, the Counter Reformation, and the Thirty Years War.

Chapter List
1.) Reformation
00:10:53The Reformation against the Catholic Church, was begun by Martin Luther and would lead to Protestantism.
2.) Zurich & Zwingli
00:10:59Huldrych Zwingli, a Reformation, leader against the Catholic Church as well as Protestantism and Baptists are discussed in this chapter.
3.) John Calvin
00:07:06John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism, and a Reformation leader of Protestantism, wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion.
4.) The Church of England
00:11:57English Protestantism, led by the Puritans and their reformer, Oliver Cromwell, as well as the Anglican Church, the Counter Reformation, the Catholic Church, and the idea of the confessional are discussed in this chapter.
5.) The New World
00:08:10Catholicism came to the New World through Catholic missionaries and missions.
6.) Bohemia & Beyond
00:09:37The Defenestration of Prague started the 30 Years War, one of many Christian Wars. The Amish and Quakers, are also discussed.
Episode 5: Protestantism - The Evangelical ExplosionRunning Time: 0:59:00

Diarmaid MacCulloch presents the rise of the Protestant Church's evangelical Protestantism.

Chapter List
1.) Protestantism
00:08:44The influence of Moravians on Evangelical Protestantism is examined.
2.) John Wesley
00:09:07Evangelical Protestantism leaders John Wesley and George Whitefield are profiled in this story about Methodism and the Great Awakening in America of the 1700s.
3.) American Diversity
00:11:40The influence of George Whitefield and the idea of American Protestantism, as well as the concepts of Separation of Church and State and religious freedom are examined in this chapter.
4.) Slavery & Religion
00:09:38George Whitefield, American black Christianity, American Black Evangelicalism, African Protestantism and African Evangelicalism are discussed in this chapter.
5.) African Missionaries
00:08:22the unique concepts of African Christianity, African Protestantism, and African Evangelicalism led by William Wade Harris are examined.
6.) Korean Pentecostals
00:11:16This chapter examines Korean Christianity, Korean Protestantism, Korean Pentecostalism, and Korean evangelicalism led by David Yonggi Cho.
Episode 6: God in the DockRunning Time: 0:59:00

Diarmaid MacCulloch, presents how skepticism has influenced Christianity and the future of western Christianity - 'Where will it go from here?'.

Chapter List
1.) God In The Dock
00:09:41The Age of Enlightenment, led by philosophers such as Baruch de Spinoza, who wrote Ethics, would influence the Christian faith.
2.) Natural Philosophy
00:09:46Sir Isaac Newton and Voltaire, who wrote Candide, were leaders of the Enlightenment.
3.) The French Revolution
00:11:05The Enlightenment, the modern Catholic Church and Napoleon Bonaparte are discussed.
4.) Modernism of War
00:06:28This chapter examines the effects of Modernism and World War I, on Christian morality and Christian ethics.
5.) Scientific Socialism
00:11:41The influences of Communism, World War II, Anti-Semitism, Nazis and Concentration Camps on are discussed.
6.) Questions
00:10:18Christianity, homosexuality, and the post modern Christian Church are discussed in this final chapter.
Series SKUHC
Video Programs6
SubjectsHistory, Ancient History, Philosophy, Religions
Supplemental Files1
Released2010
Produced By BBC
Copyright ©2010 BBC
Grade Levels10th Grade through Post Secondary
MARC Records
For Librarian use only. MARC records for the full Series, A History of Christianity: The First 3000 Years
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