America's National Monuments: Land of Geologic Wonders - The Pacific Northwest

Designated by U.S. Presidents, America's National Monuments preserve significant pieces of the country's history, ecology, geology and beauty for all Americans.
Hagerman Fossil Beds National MonumentRunning Time: 0:10:00

Geology, history, paleontology and horse fossils are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:04:18Hagerman Fossil Beds National monuments are home to fossils of equus simplicidens, the ancestor of the modern horse, and the area is known for its sage brush steppes and Oregon Trail history.
2.) Nature and Science
00:03:55Hagerman Fossil Beds contains fossils from the Pliocene Epic, especially the Hagerman horse, known as equus simplicidens.
3.) History and Culture
00:01:36The Snake River area and the Magic Valley are known for their agriculture.
John Day Fossil Beds National MonumentRunning Time: 0:12:00

Geology, history, paleontology and fossils are looked at.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:04:53The John Day Fossil Beds National Monument shows mammalian fossils in the fossil beds found in its three units, Clarno, Painted Hills and Sheep Rock.
2.) Nature and Science
00:03:52The John Day Fossil Beds, located in a high desert ecosystem, were formed by volcanic action and contain fossil plants and animals.
3.) History and Culture
00:03:28The John Day Fossil Beds were originally home to the Paiute Indian tribe, but gold brought in miners to help the north during the Civil War, and later the 1862 Homestead Act brought in pioneers who raised sheep.
Fossil Butte National MonumentRunning Time: 0:12:00

Geology, history, paleontology and fossils are examined.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:06:31Fossil Butte National Monument contains Fossil Lake, part of the Green River formation, and it has many fish fossils as well as a sagebrush ecosystem, which is home to black tailed jack rabbits and pronghorn.
2.) History and Culture
00:02:58The history of Fossil Butte is the history of the Wild West, cattle country, cowboys, Shoshone Indian Tribe, whose most famous name Sacagawea, helped Lewis and Clark, and Mountain men like Jim Bridger, John Colter and finally, the coming of the Union Pacific Railroad.
3.) Nature and Science
00:02:48Fossil Butte contains Fossil Lake from the Eocene Epic, and it is, one of three lakes in the area with extensive fossils; the other two are Lake Gosiute and Lake Uinta.
Pinnacles National MonumentRunning Time: 0:14:00

Geology, tectonic plates and American history are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:07:41Pinnacles National Monument, located in the Gabilan Coastal Mountains, is part of an ancient volcano and contains Talus Caves, and varied birdlife, including the California Condor.
2.) History and Culture
00:02:45Pinnacles, found in the Gabilan Mountains, has been home to Spanish settlers, Mexican Californios, American homesteaders, and was written about by the Nobel Prize winning author John Steinbeck, in his classic novel, East of Eden.
3.) Nature and Science
00:03:20Pinnacles, which has a chaparral ecosystem, has part of the San Andreas fault, which caused the famous San Francisco earthquake in 1906, volcano, and it was formed by the collision of the North American Plate, Pacific Plate and Farallon Plate.
Craters of the Moon National MonumentRunning Time: 0:11:00

Geology, volcanic action and lava as well as American history are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:04:59Craters of the Moon National Monument discusses volcanism, with attention to cinder cones, spatter cones, and the different kinds of lava, known as pahoi hoi, ah ah.
2.) History and Culture
00:02:03Shoshone Indians, Oregon Trail and Goodales cut off are part of the history of Craters of the Moon.
3.) Nature and Science
00:03:49The other worldly landscape of Craters of the Moon, was caused by volcanic eruptions, located in what is known as the Great Rift, and by a hotspot, now located under Yellowstone National Park.
Devils Postpile National MonumentRunning Time: 0:10:00

Geology and the history of the California gold rush are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:05:27Devils Postpile National Monument examines the volcanic origins of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, also known as the High Sierras.
2.) History and Culture
00:02:14Devils Postpile is an area rich in history of Native Americans, the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill, the Gold rush and mining towns such as Bodie, California.
3.) Nature and Science
00:02:39Devils Postpile was formed by tectonic action and glaciers of the last four ice ages, revealing its beautiful hexagon columns.
Lava Beds National MonumentRunning Time: 0:11:00

Geology and American Indian History are discussed in this chapter.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:04:21Lava Beds National Monument is about volcanoes and volcanic action and preserves part of the Medicine Lake Volcano, a shield volcano in the Cascade Range, as well as a few pictographs and petroglyphs.
2.) History and Culture
00:03:26California's Lava Beds are part of Western history's Indian Wars, particularly the Modoc War where Modoc Indians led by Captain Jack held off the American Army for 4 months.
3.) Nature and Science
00:02:46Lava Beds is about the formation of the Cascade Mountain Range by the Farallon Oceanic Plate and the Juan de Fuca Plate, and it is about Tule Lake, high desert ecosystem and the, Cascade ecosystem.
Muir Woods National MonumentRunning Time: 0:15:00

Biology and American history are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:05:17Muir Woods National Monument is about the coastal redwoods and the evergreen sequoia, as well as the efforts of Gifford Pinchot, John Muir, President Teddy Roosevelt to preserve these trees.
2.) History and Culture
00:05:38The old growth redwood forest in Muir Woods is the story of four men - Gifford Pinchot, William Kent, Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir, founder of the preservationism movement and Yosemite National Park and the U.S. Park Service.
3.) Nature and Science
00:03:42The redwoods located in the coastal redwoods live in a Mediterranean climate and survive in part because of the almost daily coastal fog.
Minidoka Internment National MonumentRunning Time: 0:09:00

Designated by U.S. Presidents, America's National Monuments preserve significant pieces of the country's history, ecology, geology and beauty for all Americans.

Cabrillo National MonumentRunning Time: 0:14:00

Biology, geography and American history are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:03:05Cabrillo National Monument is located in San Diego and preserves the history that started with the Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, as well as the its biological diversity.
2.) Nature and Science
00:07:50Diverse intertidal ecosystems, tide pools, chaparral, chaparral ecosystem and scrub communities of plants are preserved at Cabrillo.
3.) History and Culture
00:02:47Father Junipero Serra came to San Diego in the Spanish Colony of California and began setting up missions along the el Camino Real; missions that were followed by presidios and haciendas founded by Spanish colonists and soldiers.
Oregon Caves National MonumentRunning Time: 0:17:00

Biology and American history are discussed.

Chapter List
1.) Virtual Tour
00:09:31Located in the Siskiyou Mountains of Oregon, Oregon Caves National Monument, with its beautiful stalactites, stalagmites and calcite formations preserves America's only marble cave, as well as the distinctive architecture of the Oregon Caves Chateau.
2.) History and Culture
00:04:22Above ground, Oregon caves preserves the area's long history of logging and forestry, also known as sylviculture and the conservation of the Conservation Movement.
3.) Nature and Science
00:03:05Oregon Caves' old growth forests contain a remarkable biodiversity of trees and plants, including Port Orford Cedar and Douglas Fir.
Series SKUNM3
Video Programs11
SubjectsHistory, American History, Science, Biology, Core Science, Social Studies
Supplemental Files9
Released2009
Produced By Ambrose Video Publishing Inc./Centre Communications
Copyright ©2009 Ambrose Video Publishing Inc./Centre Communications
Grade Levels10th Grade through Post Secondary
Archaeological Resources Protection Act
National Antiquities Act 1906
National Historic Preservation Act of 1966
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
Directions to National Monuments - The Geologic West
Geologic West Monuments by State
Geologic West National Monuments by Date Founded
All National Monuments by Date Founded
MARC Records for NM3
MARC records for the Full Series NM3, America's National Monuments: Land of Geologic Wonders - The Pacific Northwest