Visualizing Cell Processes

In this 5 program series of 42 short, narrated, full-motion modules each describing an essential process of cell biology. Using microphotography and animation, essential cell processes are presented for easy understanding by students.
Cells and MoleculesRunning Time: 0:15:00

Cells and Molecules introduces the cell, suggests how modern cells may have evolved, illustrates the elements of organic chemistry, and introduces the topics covered in the Visualizing Cell Processes series.

Chapter List
1.) Chapter 1: The Cell Machinery
00:01:41The Cell Machinery: Illustrates cell energy transformations through chloroplasts and mitochondria, the cytoskeleton, and provides a general overview of how cell processes are controlled.
2.) Chapter 2: A Variety of Cells
00:01:18This clip describes a variety of cells.
3.) Chapter 3: Organic Molecules
00:03:35Organic Molecules: The program describes biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and nucleic acids) and their building blocks.
4.) Chapter 4: Prokaryote Evolution and Diversity
00:03:43This observational section can be viewed as a time capsule showing what cellular life was like three billion years ago.
5.) Chapter 5: Independently Living Eukaryotic Cells
00:03:50Independently Living Eukaryotic Cells: Living protists give us a glimpse at how nucleated cells evolved and became the building blocks for multicellular organisms - plants, animals, and fungi.
Cell Movement and TransportRunning Time: 0:15:00

This program explores how independently-living cells move, and illustrates how water, chemical, and nutrient molecules pass through the cellular membrane.  Microtubules and motor proteins are explained in-depth.

Chapter List
1.) Chapter 1: Structure and Behavior of the Plasma Membrane
00:00:55Explore the structure and behavior of the plasma membrane.
2.) Chapter 2: Osmosis
00:02:23Osmosis: Explore the net movement of water into and out of a cell.
3.) Chapter 3: Transport Proteins
00:01:05Transport Proteins: Membrane proteins act as gates and channels, allowing substances to enter and leave cells.
4.) Chapter 4: Phagocytosis
00:01:30This clip describes and illustrates Phagocytosis.
5.) Chapter 5: Pinicytosis
00:00:24This clip describes and illustrates Pinocytosis.
6.) Chapter 6: Receptor Mediated Endocytosis
00:00:45This clip describes and illustrates Receptor Mediated Endocytosis.
7.) Chapter 7: Golgi Function
00:00:39Golgi Function: Watch a folded stack of membranes sort and package cell products.
8.) Chapter 8: Lysosomes and Digestion
00:02:35This clip describes and illustrates Lysosomes and Digestion.
9.) Chapter 9: Microtubules
00:01:12Microtubules: Microtubules create support structures and function in many kinds of cell movement.
10.) Chapter 10: Cilia
00:01:15Cilia: An amazing molecular hook and claw action drives the ciliary beat.
11.) Chapter 11: Actin and Myosin Motor Proteins
00:01:23Actin and Myosin Motor Proteins: The interaction between these two proteins moves cell particles and produces the contraction of muscles.
Photosynthesis and Cellular RespirationRunning Time: 0:15:00

This illustrates the process of photosynthesis in green plant cells with focus on the chloroplast, then examines the processes of respiration, highlighting chemical activities within a cell's mitochondria.

Chapter List
1.) Chapter 1: Glycolysis and Fermentation
00:02:43Respiration Modules: Glycolysis and Fermentation: Two ATPs are gained as glucose is broken.
2.) Chapter 2: Mitochondrion Structure
00:01:17The Respiration Module describes Mitochondrion Structure.
3.) Chapter 3: The Krebs Cycle
00:02:30The Respiration Module describes the Krebs Cycle Animation.
4.) Chapter 4: Electron Transport Chain and ATP Synthesis.
00:00:28The Respiration Module describes the Electron Transport Chain: Proteins on the inner membrane pump hydrogen ions into the inner membrane space, creating conditions for ATP synthesis.
5.) Chapter 5: ATP Synthesis
00:01:55The Respiration Module describes ATP Synthesis.
6.) Chapter 6: Chloroplast Structure
00:01:02The Photosynthesis Module describes Chloroplast Structure.
7.) Chapter 7: The Light-Dependent Reactions
00:02:30Photosynthesis Modules: The Light-Dependent Reactions: How ATP and NADPH, the energy carriers that drive biosynthesis are produced.
8.) Chapter 8: The Light-Independent Reactions
00:01:48Photosynthesis Modules: The Light-Independent Reactions: These reactions create PGAL, the universal building block of sugars and starches.
DNA Replication, Mitosis and Cell ReproductionRunning Time: 0:15:00

This program uses photomicroscope and motion graphics to illustrate the stages of cell division from the replication of a cell's DNA to cellular fission.

Chapter List
1.) Chapter 1: Mitosis: Chromosome Condensation
00:01:07Learn about Mitosis showing chromosome condensation.
2.) Chapter 2: Mitosis and Cytokinesis
00:01:56Learn and see the various stages of Mitosis.
3.) Chapter 3: Meiosis
00:01:00Meiosis: Chromosome sorting, crossing over and reduction to the haploid number.
4.) Chapter 4: DNA: Nucleotide Structure and Bonding
00:01:28Learn about the nucleotide structure and means of bonding.
5.) Chapter 5: DNA: Replication Enzymes
00:01:03Demonstrates that each step in the DNA replication process as a accomplished means of a specialized enzyme.
6.) Chapter 6: DNA: Replicating the Leading and Lagging Strands
00:01:54See how DNA replicates the leading and lagging strands.
7.) Chapter 7: DNA: Topoisomerase and the Twisting Problem
00:00:39Learn about topoisomerase and the twisting problem within DNA.
8.) Chapter 8: DNA: Proofreading and Repair
00:00:54 A fleet of repair enzymes races over the DNA correcting mutations and replication errors.
9.) Chapter 9: DNA Review
00:04:15Review the various aspects of DNA, renegade DNA and viruses.
The Genetic Code and Its TranslationRunning Time: 0:15:00

This program uses concise animation to illustrate how a cell's DNA code translates into the protein structure of life, including gene regulation and mutation repair.

Chapter List
1.) Chapter 1: The Protein Nature of Life
00:00:37The Protein Nature of Life: Proteins are the primary structural and enzymatic elements of life.
2.) Chapter 2: Protein Structure
00:01:09Protein Structure: 20 amino acids produce and almost infinite number of proteins.
3.) Chapter 3: Transcription
00:01:33Shows how the DNA Code is transcribed onto nucleotides of mRNA interaction onto nucleotides of mRNA.
4.) Chapter 4: Translation and the Protein Synthesis
00:01:30Translation and the Protein Synthesis: Describes how ribosomal RNA and transfer RNA interact in the translation of mRNA into a protein.
5.) Chapter 5: Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes
00:01:46This chapter from the program, The Genetic Code and its Translation, describes gene regulation in prokaryotes.
6.) Chapter 6: Exons and Introns
00:01:23Exons and Introns: One of the great surprises in molecular biology was the discovery that over 90 percent of a cell's DNA is silent.
7.) Chapter 7: Mutations
00:02:46Mutations: Frame-sift mutations are the most damaging, whereas point mutations are a potential source of variety for evolutionary processes.
8.) Chapter 8: HIV: an RNA Virus
00:03:28Review the various aspects of DNA, RNA virus and HIV.
Video Programs5
SubjectsScience, Biology
Supplemental Files6
Produced By BioMEDIA Associates
Copyright ©2001 BioMEDIA Associates
Grade Levels10th Grade through Post Secondary
MARC Records for BVC
MARC records for the Full Series BVC, Visualizing Cell Processes
Program 1 - Cells and Molecules Educators Guide
Program 2 - Cell Movement and Transport Educators Guide
Program 3 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Educators Guide
Program 4 - DNA Replication and Cell Reproduction Educators Guide
Program 5 - The Genetic Code and Its Translation Educators Guide